slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0

THE SOLAR INTERNETWORK. I. CONTRIBUTION TO THE NETWORK MAGNETIC FLUX

Titulo: 
THE SOLAR INTERNETWORK. I. CONTRIBUTION TO THE NETWORK MAGNETIC FLUX
Autores: 
Gosic, M; Rubio, LRB; Suarez, DO; Katsukawa, Y; Iniesta, JCD
Resumen: 
The magnetic network (NE) observed on the solar surface harbors a sizable fraction of the total quiet Sun flux. However, its origin and maintenance are not well known. Here we investigate the contribution of internetwork (IN) magnetic fields to the NE flux. IN fields permeate the interior of supergranular cells and show large emergence rates. We use long-duration sequences of magnetograms acquired by Hinode and an automatic feature tracking algorithm to follow the evolution of NE and IN flux elements. We find that 14% of the quiet Sun (QS) flux is in the form of IN fields with little temporal variations. IN elements interact with NE patches and modify the flux budget of the NE either by adding flux (through merging processes) or by removing it (through cancellation events). Mergings appear to be dominant, so the net flux contribution of the IN is positive. The observed rate of flux transfer to the NE is 1.5x10(24) Mx day(-1) over the entire solar surface. Thus, the IN supplies as much flux as is present in the NE in only 9-13 hr. Taking into account that not all the transferred flux is incorporated into the NE, we find that the IN would be able to replace the entire NE flux in approximately 18-24 hr. This renders the IN the most important contributor to the NE, challenging the view that ephemeral regions are the main source of flux in the QS. About 40% of the total IN flux eventually ends up in the NE.
Autor principal: 
Gosic, M
Autor/es del IAA: 
Gosic, M.; Rubio, L. R. Bellot; del Toro Iniesta, J. C.
DOI: 
10.1088/0004-637X/797/1/49
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12/10
Volumen: 
797
Issue: 
1
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: photosphere
Número de artículo: 
49

THE MUSIC OF CLASH: PREDICTIONS ON THE CONCENTRATION-MASS RELATION

Titulo: 
THE MUSIC OF CLASH: PREDICTIONS ON THE CONCENTRATION-MASS RELATION
Autores: 
Meneghetti, M; Rasia, E; Vega, J; Merten, J; Postman, M; Yepes, G; Sembolini, F; Donahue, M; Ettori, S; Umetsu, K; Balestra, I; Bartelmann, M; Benitez, N; Biviano, A; Bouwens, R; Bradley, L; Broadhurst, T; Coe, D; Czakon, N; De Petris, M; Ford, H; Giocoli, C; Gottlober, S; Grillo, C; Infante, L; Jouvel, S; Kelson, D; Koekemoer, A; Lahav, O; Lemze, D; Medezinski, E; Melchior, P; Mercurio, A; Molino, A; Moscardini, L; Monna, A; Moustakas, J; Moustakas, LA; Nonino, M; Rhodes, J; Rosati, P; Sayers, J; Seitz, S; Zheng, W; Zitrin, A
Resumen: 
We present an analysis of the MUSIC-2 N-body/hydrodynamical simulations aimed at estimating the expected concentration-mass relation for the CLASH (Cluster Lensing and Supernova Survey with Hubble) cluster sample. We study nearly 1,400 halos simulated at high spatial and mass resolution. We study the shape of both their density and surface-density profiles and fit them with a variety of radial functions, including the Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW), the generalized NFW, and the Einasto density profiles. We derive concentrations and masses from these fits. We produce simulated Chandra observations of the halos, and we use them to identify objects resembling the X-ray morphologies and masses of the clusters in the CLASH X-ray-selected sample. We also derive a concentration-mass relation for strong-lensing clusters. We find that the sample of simulated halos that resembles the X-ray morphology of the CLASH clusters is composed mainly of relaxed halos, but it also contains a significant fraction of unrelaxed systems. For such a heterogeneous sample we measure an average two-dimensional concentration that is similar to 11% higher than is found for the full sample of simulated halos. After accounting for projection and selection effects, the average NFW concentrations of CLASH clusters are expected to be intermediate between those predicted in three dimensions for relaxed and super-relaxed halos. Matching the simulations to the individual CLASH clusters on the basis of the X-ray morphology, we expect that the NFW concentrations recovered from the lensing analysis of the CLASH clusters are in the range [3-6], with an average value of 3.87 and a standard deviation of 0.61.
Autor principal: 
Meneghetti, M
Autor/es del IAA: 
Benitez, N.; Molino, A.
DOI: 
10.1088/0004-637X/797/1/34
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12/10
Volumen: 
797
Issue: 
1
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
dark matter; galaxies: clusters: general; gravitation lensing: weak; gravitational lensing: strong
Número de artículo: 
34

The PLATO 2.0 mission

Titulo: 
The PLATO 2.0 mission
Autores: 
Rauer, H; Catala, C; Aerts, C; Appourchaux, T; Benz, W; Brandeker, A; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Deleuil, M; Gizon, L; Goupil, MJ; Gudel, M; Janot-Pacheco, E; Mas-Hesse, M; Pagano, I; Piotto, G; Pollacco, D; Santos, NC; Smith, A; Suarez, JC; Szabo, R; Udry, S; Adibekyan, V; Alibert, Y; Almenara, JM; Maro-Seoane, PA; Ammler-von Eiff, M; Asplund, M; Antonello, E; Barnes, S; Baudin, F; Belkacem, K; Bergemann, M; Bihain, G; Birch, AC; Bonfils, X; Boisse, I; Bonomo, AS; Borsa, F; Brandao, IM; Brocato, E; Brun, S; Burleigh, M; Burston, R; Cabrera, J; Cassisi, S; Chaplin, W; Charpinet, S; Chiappini, C; Church, RP; Csizmadia, S; Cunha, M; Damasso, M; Davies, MB; Deeg, HJ; Diaz, RF; Dreizler, S; Dreyer, C; Eggenberger, P; Ehrenreich, D; Eigmuller, P; Erikson, A; Farmer, R; Feltzing, S; Fialho, FD; Figueira, P; Forveille, T; Fridlund, M; Garcia, RA; Giommi, P; Giuffrida, G; Godolt, M; da Silva, JG; Granzer, T; Grenfell, JL; Grotsch-Noels, A; Gunther, E; Haswell, CA; Hatzes, AP; Hebrard, G; Hekker, S; Helled, R; Heng, K; Jenkins, JM; Johansen, A; Khodachenko, ML; Kislyakova, KG; Kley, W; Kolb, U; Krivova, N; Kupka, F; Lammer, H; Lanza, AF; Lebreton, Y; Magrin, D; Marcos-Arenal, P; Marrese, PM; Marques, JP; Martins, J; Mathis, S; Mathur, S; Messina, S; Miglio, A; Montalban, J; Montalto, M; Monteiro, MJPFG; Moradi, H; Moravveji, E; Mordasini, C; Morel, T; Mortier, A; Nascimbeni, V; Nelson, RP; Nielsen, MB; Noack, L; Norton, AJ; Ofir, A; Oshagh, M; Ouazzani, RM; Papics, P; Parro, VC; Petit, P; Plez, B; Poretti, E; Quirrenbach, A; Ragazzoni, R; Raimondo, G; Rainer, M; Reese, DR; Redmer, R; Reffert, S; Rojas-Ayala, B; Roxburgh, IW; Salmon, S; Santerne, A; Schneider, J; Schou, J; Schuh, S; Schunker, H; Silva-Valio, A; Silvotti, R; Skillen, I; Snellen, I; Sohl, F; Sousa, SG; Sozzetti, A; Stello, D; Strassmeier, KG; Svanda, M; Szabo, GM; Tkachenko, A; Valencia, D; Van Grootel, V; Vauclair, SD; Ventura, P; Wagner, FW; Walton, NA; Weingrill, J; Werner, SC; Wheatley, PJ; Zwintz, K
Resumen: 
PLATO 2.0 has recently been selected for ESA's M3 launch opportunity (2022/24). Providing accurate key planet parameters (radius, mass, density and age) in statistical numbers, it addresses fundamental questions such as: How do planetary systems form and evolve? Are there other systems with planets like ours, including potentially habitable planets? The PLATO 2.0 instrument consists of 34 small aperture telescopes (32 with 25 s readout cadence and 2 with 2.5 s cadence) providing a wide field-of-view (2232 deg(2)) and a large photometric magnitude range (4-16 mag). It focuses on bright (4-11 mag) stars in wide fields to detect and characterize planets down to Earth-size by photometric transits, whose masses can then be determined by ground-based radial-velocity follow-up measurements. Asteroseismology will be performed for these bright stars to obtain highly accurate stellar parameters, including masses and ages. The combination of bright targets and asteroseismology results in high accuracy for the bulk planet parameters: 2 %, 4-10 % and 10 % for planet radii, masses and ages, respectively. The planned baseline observing strategy includes two long pointings (2-3 years) to detect and bulk characterize planets reaching into the habitable zone (HZ) of solar-like stars and an additional step-and-stare phase to cover in total about 50 % of the sky. PLATO 2.0 will observe up to 1,000,000 stars and detect and characterize hundreds of small planets, and thousands of planets in the Neptune to gas giant regime out to the HZ. It will therefore provide the first large-scale catalogue of bulk characterized planets with accurate radii, masses, mean densities and ages. This catalogue will include terrestrial planets at intermediate orbital distances, where surface temperatures are moderate. Coverage of this parameter range with statistical numbers of bulk characterized planets is unique to PLATO 2.0. The PLATO 2.0 catalogue allows us to e. g.: - complete our knowledge of planet diversity for low-mass objects, - correlate the planet mean density-orbital distance distribution with predictions from planet formation theories,- constrain the influence of planet migration and scattering on the architecture of multiple systems, and - specify how planet and system parameters change with host star characteristics, such as type, metallicity and age. The catalogue will allow us to study planets and planetary systems at different evolutionary phases. It will further provide a census for small, low-mass planets. This will serve to identify objects which retained their primordial hydrogen atmosphere and in general the typical characteristics of planets in such a low-mass, low-density range. Planets detected by PLATO 2.0 will orbit bright stars and many of them will be targets for future atmosphere spectroscopy exploring their atmospheres. Furthermore, the mission has the potential to detect exomoons, planetary rings, binary and Trojan planets. The planetary science possible with PLATO 2.0 is complemented by its impact on stellar and galactic science via asteroseismology as well as light curves of all kinds of variable stars, together with observations of stellar clusters of different ages. This will allow us to improve stellar models and study stellar activity. A large number of well-known ages from red giant stars will probe the structure and evolution of our Galaxy. Asteroseismic ages of bright stars for different phases of stellar evolution allow calibrating stellar age-rotation relationships. Together with the results of ESA's Gaia mission, the results of PLATO 2.0 will provide a huge legacy to planetary, stellar and galactic science.
Autor principal: 
Rauer, H
Autor/es del IAA: 
Suarez, J. -C.
DOI: 
10.1007/s10686-014-9383-4
Revista: 
EXPERIMENTAL ASTRONOMY
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/11
Volumen: 
38
Issue: 
1-2
Páginas: 
249-330
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
Exoplanets; Asteroseismology; Transit survey; Stellar science; Exoplanetary science

MIPAS temperature from the stratosphere to the lower thermosphere: Comparison of vM21 with ACE-FTS, MLS, OSIRIS, SABER, SOFIE and lidar measurements

Titulo: 
MIPAS temperature from the stratosphere to the lower thermosphere: Comparison of vM21 with ACE-FTS, MLS, OSIRIS, SABER, SOFIE and lidar measurements
Autores: 
Garcia-Comas, M; Funke, B; Gardini, A; Lopez-Puertas, M; Jurado-Navarro, A; von Clarmann, T; Stiller, G; Kiefer, M; Boone, CD; Leblanc, T; Marshall, BT; Schwartz, MJ; Sheese, PE
Resumen: 
We present vM21 MIPAS temperatures from the lower stratosphere to the lower thermosphere, which cover all optimized resolution measurements performed by MIPAS in the middle-atmosphere, upper-atmosphere and noctilucent-cloud modes during its lifetime, i.e., from January 2005 to April 2012. The main upgrades with respect to the previous version of MIPAS temperatures (vM11) are the update of the spectroscopic database, the use of a different climatology of atomic oxygen and carbon dioxide, and the improvement in important technical aspects of the retrieval setup (temperature gradient along the line of sight and offset regularizations, apodization accuracy). Additionally, an updated version of ESA-calibrated L1b spectra (5.02/5.06) is used. The vM21 temperatures correct the main systematic errors of the previous version because they provide on average a 1-2K warmer stratopause and middle mesosphere, and a 6-10K colder mesopause (except in high-latitude summers) and lower thermosphere. These lead to a remarkable improvement in MIPAS comparisons with ACE-FTS, MLS, OSIRIS, SABER, SOFIE and the two Rayleigh lidars at Mauna Loa and Table Mountain, which, with a few specific exceptions, typically exhibit differences smaller than 1K below 50 km and than 2K at 50-80 km in spring, autumn and winter at all latitudes, and summer at low to midlatitudes. Differences in the high-latitude summers are typically smaller than 1K below 50 km, smaller than 2K at 50-65 km and 5K at 65-80 km. Differences between MIPAS and the other instruments in the mid-mesosphere are generally negative. MIPAS mesopause is within 4K of the other instruments measurements, except in the high-latitude summers, when it is within 5-10 K, being warmer there than SABER, MLS and OSIRIS and colder than ACE-FTS and SOFIE. The agreement in the lower thermosphere is typically better than 5 K, except for high latitudes during spring and summer, when MIPAS usually exhibits larger vertical gradients.
Autor principal: 
Garcia-Comas, M
Autor/es del IAA: 
Garcia-Comas, M.; Funke, B.; Gardini, A.; Lopez-Puertas, M.; Jurado-Navarro, A.
DOI: 
10.5194/amt-7-3633-2014
Revista: 
ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
Fecha de publicación: 
2014
Volumen: 
7
Issue: 
11
Páginas: 
3633-3651
Tipo de documento: 
Article

EXPANSION OF HYDROGEN-POOR KNOTS IN THE BORN-AGAIN PLANETARY NEBULAE A30 AND A78

Titulo: 
EXPANSION OF HYDROGEN-POOR KNOTS IN THE BORN-AGAIN PLANETARY NEBULAE A30 AND A78
Autores: 
Fang, X; Guerrero, MA; Marquez-Lugo, RA; Toala, JA; Arthur, SJ; Chu, YH; Blair, WP; Gruendl, RA; Hamann, WR; Oskinova, LM; Todt, H
Resumen: 
We analyze the expansion of hydrogen-poor knots and filaments in the born-again planetary nebulae A30 and A78 based on Hubble Space Telescope ( HST) images obtained almost 20 yr apart. The proper motion of these features generally increases with distance to the central star, but the fractional expansion decreases, i.e., the expansion is not homologous. As a result, there is not a unique expansion age, which is estimated to be 610-950 yr for A30 and 600-1140 yr for A78. The knots and filaments have experienced complex dynamical processes: the current fast stellar wind is mass loaded by the material ablated from the inner knots; the ablated material is then swept up until it shocks the inner edges of the outer, hydrogen-rich nebula. The angular expansion of the outer filaments shows a clear dependence on position angle, indicating that the interaction of the stellar wind with the innermost knots channels the wind along preferred directions. The apparent angular expansion of the innermost knots seems to be dominated by the rocket effect of evaporating gas and by the propagation of the ionization front inside them. Radiation-hydrodynamical simulations show that a single ejection of material followed by a rapid onset of the stellar wind and ionizing flux can reproduce the variety of clumps and filaments at different distances from the central star found in A30 and A78.
Autor principal: 
Fang, X
Autor/es del IAA: 
Fang, X.; Guerrero, M. A.; Marquez-Lugo, R. A.; Toala, J. A.
DOI: 
10.1088/0004-637X/797/2/100
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12/20
Volumen: 
797
Issue: 
2
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
ISM: kinematics and dynamics; planetary nebulae: individual (A30 and A78)
Número de artículo: 
100

ON THE USE OF THE INDEX N2 TO DERIVE THE METALLICITY IN METAL-POOR GALAXIES

Titulo: 
ON THE USE OF THE INDEX N2 TO DERIVE THE METALLICITY IN METAL-POOR GALAXIES
Autores: 
Morales-Luis, AB; Perez-Montero, E; Almeida, JS; Munoz-Tunon, C
Resumen: 
The N2 index ([NII] lambda 6584/H alpha) is used to determine emission line galaxy metallicities at all redshifts, including high redshift, where galaxies tend to be metal-poor. The initial aim of this work was to improve the calibrations used to infer oxygen abundance from N2 by employing updated low-metallicity galaxy databases. We compare N2 and the metallicity determined using the direct method for the set of extremely metal-poor galaxies compiled by Morales-Luis et al. To our surprise, the oxygen abundance presents a tendency to be constant with N2, with a very large scatter. Consequently, we find that the existing N2 calibrators overestimate the oxygen abundance for most low-metallicity galaxies, and can therefore only be used to set upper limits to the true metallicity in low-metallicity galaxies. An explicit expression for this limit is given. In addition, we try to explain the observed scatter using photoionization models. It is mostly due to the different evolutionary state of the HII regions producing the emission lines, but it also arises due to differences in N/O among the galaxies.
Autor principal: 
Morales-Luis, AB
Autor/es del IAA: 
Perez-Montero, E.
DOI: 
10.1088/0004-637X/797/2/81
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12/20
Volumen: 
797
Issue: 
2
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
galaxies: abundances; galaxies: formation; galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: starburst
Número de artículo: 
81

Orbits and emission spectra from the 2014 Camelopardalids

Titulo: 
Orbits and emission spectra from the 2014 Camelopardalids
Autores: 
Madiedo, JM; Trigo-Rodriguez, JM; Zamorano, J; Izquierdo, J; de Miguel, AS; Ocana, F; Ortiz, JL; Espartero, F; Morillas, LG; Cardenosa, D; Moreno-Ibanez, M; Urzaiz, M
Resumen: 
We have analysed the meteor activity associated with meteoroids of fresh dust trails of Comet 209P/LINEAR, which produced an outburst of the Camelopardalid meteor shower (IAU code #451, CAM) in 2014 May. With this aim, we have employed an array of high-sensitivity CCD video devices and spectrographs deployed at 10 meteor observing stations in Spain in the framework of the Spanish Meteor Network. Additional meteoroid flux data were obtained by means of two forward-scatter radio systems. The observed peak zenithal hourly rate was much lower than expected, of around 20 meteors h(-1). Despite of the small meteor flux in the optical range, we have obtained precise atmospheric trajectory, radiant and orbital information for 11 meteor and fireball events associated with this stream. The ablation behaviour and low tensile strength calculated for these particles reveal that Camelopardalid meteoroids are very fragile, mostly pristine aggregates with strength similar to that of the Orionids and the Leonids. The mineral grains seem to be glued together by a volatile phase. We also present and discuss two unique emission spectra produced by two Camelopardalid bright meteors. These suggest a non-chondritic nature for these particles, which exhibit Fe depletion in their composition.
Autor principal: 
Madiedo, JM
Autor/es del IAA: 
Ortiz, Jose L.; Espartero, Francisco
DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stu1990
Revista: 
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12/11
Volumen: 
445
Issue: 
3
Páginas: 
3309-3314
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
comets: individual: 209P/LINEAR; meteorites, meteors, meteoroids

First broadband characterization and redshift determination of the VHE blazar MAGIC J2001+439

Titulo: 
First broadband characterization and redshift determination of the VHE blazar MAGIC J2001+439
Autores: 
Aleksic, J; Ansoldi, S; Antonelli, LA; Antoranz, P; Babic, A; Bangale, P; de Almeida, UB; Barrio, JA; Gonzalez, JB; Bednarek, W; Bernardini, E; Biland, A; Blanch, O; Bonnefoy, S; Bonnoli, G; Borracci, F; Bretz, T; Carmona, E; Carosi, A; Fidalgo, DC; Colin, P; Colombo, E; Contreras, JL; Cortina, J; Covino, S; Da Vela, P; Dazzi, F; De Angelis, A; De Caneva, G; De Lotto, B; Mendez, CD; Doert, M; Dominguez, A; Prester, DD; Dorner, D; Doro, M; Einecke, S; Eisenacher, D; Elsaesser, D; Farina, E; Ferenc, D; Fonseca, MV; Font, L; Frantzen, K; Fruck, C; Lopez, RJG; Garczarczyk, M; Terrats, DG; Gaug, M; Godinovic, N; Munoz, AG; Gozzini, SR; Hadasch, D; Hayashida, M; Herrera, J; Herrero, A; Hildebrand, D; Hose, J; Hrupec, D; Idec, W; Kadenius, V; Kellermann, H; Kodani, K; Konno, Y; Krause, J; Kubo, H; Kushida, J; La Barbera, A; Lelas, D; Lewandowska, N; Lindfors, E; Lombardi, S; Lopez, M; Lopez-Coto, R; Lopez-Oramas, A; Lorenz, E; Lozano, I; Makariev, M; Mallot, K; Maneva, G; Mankuzhiyil, N; Mannheim, K; Maraschi, L; Marcote, B; Mariotti, M; Martinez, M; Mazin, D; Menzel, U; Meucci, M; Miranda, JM; Mirzoyan, R; Moralejo, A; Munar-Adrover, P; Nakajima, D; Niedzwiecki, A; Nilsson, K; Nishijima, K; Noda, K; Nowak, N; Orito, R; Overkemping, A; Paiano, S; Palatiello, M; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, JM; Paredes-Fortuny, X; Partini, S; Persic, M; Prada, F; Moroni, PGP; Prandini, E; Preziuso, S; Puljak, I; Reinthal, R; Rhode, W; Riboo, M; Rico, J; Garcia, JR; Rugamer, S; Saggion, A; Saito, T; Saito, K; Satalecka, K; Scalzotto, V; Scapin, V; Schultz, C; Schweizer, T; Shore, SN; Sillanpaa, A; Sitarek, J; Snidaric, I; Sobczynska, D; Spanier, F; Stamatescu, V; Stamerra, A; Steinbring, T; Storz, J; Strzys, M; Sun, S; Suric, T; Takalo, L; Takami, H; Tavecchio, F; Temnikov, P; Terzic, T; Tescaro, D; Teshima, M; Thaele, J; Tibolla, O; Torres, DF; Toyama, T; Treves, A; Uellenbeck, M; Vogler, P; Wagner, RM; Zandanel, F; Zanin, R; D'Ammando, F; Hovatta, T; Larionov, VM; Max-Moerbeck, W; Perri, M; Readhead, ACS; Richards, JL; Sakamoto, T; Schwartz, RD; Verrecchia, F; Reyes, LC
Resumen: 
Aims. We aim to characterize the broadband emission from 2FGL J2001.1+4352, which has been associated with the unknown-redshift blazar MG4 J200112+4352. Based on its gamma-ray spectral properties, it was identified as a potential very high energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray emitter. We investigate whether this object is a VHE emitter, characterize its gamma-ray spectrum, and study the broadband emission within the one-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) scenario, which is commonly used to describe the emission in blazars. Moreover, we also intend to determine the redshift of this object, which is a crucial parameter for its scientific interpretation. Methods. The source was observed with MAGIC first in 2009 and later in 2010 within a multi-instrument observation campaign. The MAGIC observations yielded 14.8 h of good quality stereoscopic data. Besides MAGIC, the campaign involved, observations with Fermi-LAT, Swift-XRT/UVOT, the optical telescopes KVA, Goddard Robotic Telescope, Galaxy View observatory, Crimean Astrophysical observatory, St. Petersburg observatory, and the Owens Valley Radio Observatory. The object was monitored at radio, optical and gamma-ray energies during the years 2010 and 2011. We characterize the radio to VHE spectral energy distribution and quantify the multiband variability and correlations over short (few days) and long (many months) timescales. We also organized deep imaging optical observations with the Nordic Optical Telescope in 2013 to determine the source redshift. Results. The source, named MAGIC J2001+ 439, is detected for the first time at VHE with MAGIC at a statistical significance of 6.3s (E > 70 GeV) during a 1.3 h long observation on 2010 July 16. The multi-instrument observations show variability in all energy bands with the highest amplitude of variability in the X-ray and VHE bands. Besides the variability on few-day timescales, the long-term monitoring of MAGIC J2001+ 439 shows that, the gamma-ray, optical, and radio emissions gradually decreased on few-month timescales from 2010 through 2011, indicating that at least some of the radio, optical and gamma-ray emission is produced in a single region by the same population of particles. We also determine for the first time the redshift of this BL Lac object through the measurement of its host galaxy during low blazar activity. Using the observational evidence that the luminosities of BL Lac host galaxies are confined to a relatively narrow range, we obtain z = 0.18 +/- 0.04. Additionally, we use the Fermi-LAT and MAGIC gamma-ray spectra to provide an independent redshift estimation, z = 0.17 +/- 0.10. Using the former (more accurate) redshift value, we adequately describe the broadband emission with a one-zone SSC model for different activity states and interpret the few-day timescale variability as produced by changes in the high-energy component of the electron energy distribution.
Autor principal: 
Aleksic, J
Autor/es del IAA: 
Dominguez, A.; Prada, F.; Zandanel, F.
DOI: 
10.1051/0004-6361/201424254
Revista: 
ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12
Volumen: 
572
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
galaxies: active; BL Lacertae objects: individual: MAGIC J2001+435; BL Lacertae objects: individual: MAGIC J2001+439; gamma rays: galaxies
Número de artículo: 
A121

The mysterious optical afterglow spectrum of GRB140506A at z=0.889

Titulo: 
The mysterious optical afterglow spectrum of GRB140506A at z=0.889
Autores: 
Fynbo, JPU; Kruhler, T; Leighly, K; Ledoux, C; Vreeswijk, PM; Schulze, S; Noterdaeme, P; Watson, D; Wijers, RAMJ; Bolmer, J; Cano, Z; Christensen, L; Covino, S; D'Elia, V; Flores, H; Friis, M; Goldoni, P; Greiner, J; Hammer, F; Hjorth, J; Jakobsson, P; Japelj, J; Kaper, L; Klose, S; Knust, F; Leloudas, G; Levan, A; Malesani, D; Milvang-Jensen, B; Moller, P; Guelbenzu, AN; Oates, S; Pian, E; Schady, P; Sparre, M; Tagliaferri, U; Tanvir, N; Thone, CC; Postigo, AD; Vergani, S; Wiersema, K; Xu, D; Zafar, T
Resumen: 
Context. Gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows probe sightlines to star-forming regions in distant star-forming galaxies. Here we present a study of the peculiar afterglow spectrum of the z = 0.889 Swift GRB140506A. Aims. Our aim is to understand the origin of the very unusual properties of the absorption along the line of sight. Methods. We analyse spectroscopic observations obtained with the X-shooter spectrograph mounted on the ESO/VLT at two epochs 8.8 h and 33 h after the burst, and with imaging from the GROND instrument. We also present imaging and spectroscopy of the host galaxy obtained with the Magellan telescope. Results. The underlying afterglow appears to be a typical afterglow of a long-duration GRB. However, the material along the line of sight has imprinted very unusual features on the spectrum. First, there is a very broad and strong flux drop below 8000 angstrom (similar to 4000 angstrom in the rest frame), which seems to be variable between the two spectroscopic epochs. We can reproduce the flux-drops both as a giant 2175 angstrom extinction bump and as an effect of multiple scattering on dust grains ina dense environment. Second, we detect absorption lines from excited Hi and He i. We also detect molecular absorption from CH+. Conclusions. We interpret the unusual properties of these spectra as reflecting the presence of three distinct regions along the line of sight: the excited He i absorption originates from an Hii-region, whereas the Balmer absorption must originate from an associated photodissociation region. The strong metal line and molecular absorption and the dust extinction must originate from a third, cooler region along the line of sight. The presence of at least three separate regions is reflected in the fact that the different absorption components have different velocities relative to the systemic redshift of the host galaxy.
Autor principal: 
Fynbo, JPU
Autor/es del IAA: 
Oates, S.; Thoene, C. C.; de Ugarte Postigo, A.
DOI: 
10.1051/0004-6361/201424726
Revista: 
ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12
Volumen: 
572
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
gamma-ray burst: individual: GRB140506A; ISM: abundances; dust, extinction; ISM: molecules
Número de artículo: 
A12

Nearby supernova host galaxies from the CALIFA Survey

Titulo: 
Nearby supernova host galaxies from the CALIFA Survey
Autores: 
Galbany, L; Stanishev, V; Mourao, AM; Rodrigues, M; Flores, H; Garcia-Benito, R; Mast, D; Mendoza, MA; Sanchez, SF; Badenes, C; Barrera-Ballesteros, J; Bland-Hawthorn, J; Falcon-Barroso, J; Garcia-Lorenzo, B; Gomes, JM; Delgado, RMG; Kehrig, C; Lyubenova, M; Lopez-Sanchez, AR; de Lorenzo-Caceres, A; Marino, RA; Meidt, S; Molla, M; Papaderos, P; Perez-Torres, MA; Rosales-Ortega, FF; van de Ven, G
Resumen: 
We use optical integral field spectroscopy (IFS) of nearby supernova (SN) host galaxies (0.005 < z < 0.03) provided by the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) Survey with the goal of finding correlations in the environmental parameters at the location of different SN types. In this first study of a series we focus on the properties related with star formation (SF). We recover the sequence in association of different SN types to the star-forming regions by using several indicators of the ongoing and recent SF related to both the ionized gas and the stellar populations. While the total ongoing SF is on average the same for the three SN types, SNe Ibc/IIb tend to occur closer to star-forming regions and in higher SF density locations than SNe II and SNe Ia; the latter shows the weakest correlation. SNe Ia host galaxies have masses that are on average similar to 0.3-0.8 dex higher than those of the core collapse (CC) SNe hosts because the SNe Ia hosts contain a larger fraction of old stellar populations. Using the recent SN Ia delay-time distribution and the SFHs of the galaxies, we show that the SN Ia hosts in our sample are expected to produce twice as many SNe Ia as the CC SN hosts. Since both types occur in hosts with a similar SF rate and hence similar CC SN rate, this can explain the mass difference between the SN Ia and CC SN hosts, and reinforces the finding that at least part of the SNe Ia originate from very old progenitors. By comparing the mean SFH of the eight least massive galaxies with that of the massive SF SN Ia hosts, we find that the low-mass galaxies formed their stars during a longer time (0.65%, 24.46%, and 74.89% in the intervals 0-0.42 Gyr, 0.42-2.4 Gyr, and >2.4 Gyr, respectively) than the massive SN Ia hosts (0.04%, 2.01%, and 97.95% in these intervals). We estimate that the low-mass galaxies produce ten times fewer SNe Ia and three times fewer CC SNe than the high-mass group. Therefore the ratio between the number of CC SNe and SNe Ia is expected to increase with decreasing galaxy mass. CC SNe tend to explode at positions with younger stellar populations than the galaxy average, but the galaxy properties at SNe Ia locations are one average the same as the global galaxy properties.
Autor principal: 
Galbany, L
Autor/es del IAA: 
Garcia-Benito, R.; Mendoza, M. A.; Gonzalez Delgado, R. M.; Kehrig, C.; Perez-Torres, M. A.
DOI: 
10.1051/0004-6361/201424717
Revista: 
ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/12
Volumen: 
572
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
supernovae: general; Galaxy: general; techniques: spectroscopic
Número de artículo: 
A38

Publicaciones IAA-CSIC

Histórico de publicaciones

IAA-CSIC Publications

IAA-CSIC Publications Full Archive