slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0 slideshow 0

GRB 051008: a long, spectrally hard dust-obscured GRB in a Lyman-break galaxy at z approximate to 2.8

Titulo: 
GRB 051008: a long, spectrally hard dust-obscured GRB in a Lyman-break galaxy at z approximate to 2.8
Autores: 
Volnova, AA; Pozanenko, AS; Gorosabel, J; Perley, DA; Frederiks, DD; Kann, DA; Rumyantsev, VV; Biryukov, VV; Burkhonov, O; Castro-Tirado, AJ; Ferrero, P; Golenetskii, SV; Klose, S; Loznikov, VM; Minaev, PY; Stecklum, B; Svinkin, DS; Tsvetkova, AE; Postigo, AD; Ulanov, MV
Resumen: 
We present observations of the dark gamma-ray burst GRB 051008 provided by Swift/BAT, Swift/XRT, Konus-WIND, INTEGRAL/SPI-ACS in the high-energy domain and the Shajn, Swift/UVOT, Tautenburg, NOT, Gemini and Keck I telescopes in the optical and near-infrared bands. The burst was detected only in gamma- and X-rays and neither a prompt optical nor a radio afterglow was detected down to deep limits. We identified the host galaxy of the burst, which is a typical Lyman-break galaxy (LBG) with R-magnitude of 24.06 +/- A 0.10 mag. A redshift of the galaxy of z = 2.77(-0.20)(+0.15) is measured photometrically due to the presence of a clear, strong Lyman-break feature. The host galaxy is a small starburst galaxy with moderate intrinsic extinction (A(V) = 0.3) and has a star formation rate of similar to 60 M-aS (TM) yr(-1) typical for LBGs. It is one of the few cases where a GRB host has been found to be a classical LBG. Using the redshift we estimate the isotropic-equivalent radiated energy of the burst to be E-iso = (1.15 +/- A 0.20) x 10(54) erg. We also provide evidence in favour of the hypothesis that the darkness of GRB 051008 is due to local absorption resulting from a dense circumburst medium.
Autor principal: 
Volnova, AA
Autor/es del IAA: 
Gorosabel, J.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; de Ugarte Postigo, A.
DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stu999
Revista: 
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/08/11
Volumen: 
442
Issue: 
3
Páginas: 
2586-2599
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
gamma-ray burst: individual: dark; galaxies: distances and redshifts; galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: photometry

THE IDENTIFICATION OF FILAMENTS ON FAR-INFRARED AND SUBMILLIMITER IMAGES: MORPHOLOGY, PHYSICAL CONDITIONS AND RELATION WITH STAR FORMATION OF FILAMENTARY STRUCTURE

Titulo: 
THE IDENTIFICATION OF FILAMENTS ON FAR-INFRARED AND SUBMILLIMITER IMAGES: MORPHOLOGY, PHYSICAL CONDITIONS AND RELATION WITH STAR FORMATION OF FILAMENTARY STRUCTURE
Autores: 
Schisano, E; Rygl, KLJ; Molinari, S; Busquet, G; Elia, D; Pestalozzi, M; Polychroni, D; Billot, N; Carey, S; Paladini, R; Noriega-Crespo, A; Moore, TJT; Plume, R; Glover, SCO; Vazquez-Semadeni, E
Resumen: 
Observations of molecular clouds reveal a complex structure, with gas and dust often arranged in filamentary, rather than spherical geometries. The association of pre- and proto-stellar cores with the filaments suggests a direct link with the process of star formation. Any study of the properties of such filaments requires representative samples from different environments for an unbiased detection method. We developed such an approach using the Hessian matrix of a surface-brightness distribution to identify filaments and determine their physical and morphological properties. After testing the method on simulated, but realistic, filaments, we apply the algorithms to column-density maps computed from Herschel observations of the Galactic plane obtained by the Hi-GAL project. We identified similar to 500 filaments, in the longitude range of l = 216 degrees.5 to l = 225 degrees.5, with lengths from similar to 1 pc up to similar to 30 pc and widths between 0.1 pc and 2.5 pc. Average column densities are between 10(20) cm(-2) and 10(22) cm(-2). Filaments include the majority of dense material with N-H2 > 6 x 10(21) cm(-2). We find that the pre- and proto-stellar compact sources already identified in the same region are mostly associated with filaments. However, surface densities in excess of the expected critical values for high-mass star formation are only found on the filaments, indicating that these structures are necessary to channel material into the clumps. Furthermore, we analyze the gravitational stability of filaments and discuss their relationship with star formation.
Autor principal: 
Schisano, E
Autor/es del IAA: 
Busquet, G.
DOI: 
10.1088/0004-637X/791/1/27
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/08/10
Volumen: 
791
Issue: 
1
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
ISM: clouds; ISM: structure; methods: data analysis; stars: formation
Número de artículo: 
27

Highly accreting quasars: sample definition and possible cosmological implications

Titulo: 
Highly accreting quasars: sample definition and possible cosmological implications
Autores: 
Marziani, P; Sulentic, JW
Resumen: 
We propose a method to identify quasars radiating closest to the Eddington limit, defining primary and secondary selection criteria in the optical, UV and X-ray spectral range based on the 4D eigenvector 1 formalism. We then show that it is possible to derive a redshift-independent estimate of luminosity for extreme Eddington ratio sources. Using preliminary samples of these sources in three redshift intervals (as well as two mock samples), we test a range of cosmological models. Results are consistent with concordance cosmology but the data are insufficient for deriving strong constraints. Mock samples indicate that application of the method proposed in this paper using dedicated observations would allow us to set stringent limits on Omega(M) and significant constraints on Omega(Lambda).
Autor principal: 
Marziani, P
Autor/es del IAA: 
Marziani, P.; Sulentic, J. W.
DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stu951
Revista: 
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/08/01
Volumen: 
442
Issue: 
2
Páginas: 
1211-1229
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
black hole physics; quasars: emission lines; quasars: general; quasars: supermassive black holes; cosmological parameters; cosmology: observations

Optimized Herschel/PACS photometer observing and data reduction strategies for moving solar system targets

Titulo: 
Optimized Herschel/PACS photometer observing and data reduction strategies for moving solar system targets
Autores: 
Kiss, C; Muller, T; Vilenius, E; Pal, A; Santos-Sanz, P; Lellouch, E; Marton, G; Verebelyi, E; Szalai, N; Hartogh, P; Stansberry, J; Henry, F; Delsanti, A
Resumen: 
The 'TNOs are Cool!: A survey of the trans-Neptunian region' is a Herschel Open Time Key Program that aims to characterize planetary bodies at the outskirts of the Solar System using PACS and SPIRE data, mostly taken as scan-maps. In this paper we summarize our PACS data reduction scheme that uses a modified version of the standard pipeline for basic data reduction, optimized for faint, moving targets. Due to the low flux density of our targets the observations are confusion noise limited or at least often affected by bright nearby background sources at 100 and 160 m. To overcome these problems we developed techniques to characterize and eliminate the background at the positions of our targets and a background matching technique to compensate for pointing errors. We derive a variety of maps as science data products that are used depending on the source flux and background levels and the scientific purpose. Our techniques are also applicable to a wealth of other Herschel solar system photometric observations, e.g. comets and near-Earth asteroids. The principles of our observing strategies and reduction techniques for moving targets will also be applicable for similar surveys of future infrared space projects.
Autor principal: 
Kiss, C
Autor/es del IAA: 
Santos-Sanz, P.
DOI: 
10.1007/s10686-013-9350-5
Revista: 
EXPERIMENTAL ASTRONOMY
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/07
Volumen: 
37
Issue: 
2
Páginas: 
161-174
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
Instrumentation; Detectors; Herschel

Variability of NOx in the polar middle atmosphere from October 2003 to March 2004: vertical transport vs. local production by energetic particles

Titulo: 
Variability of NOx in the polar middle atmosphere from October 2003 to March 2004: vertical transport vs. local production by energetic particles
Autores: 
Sinnhuber, M; Funke, B; von Clarmann, T; Lopez-Puertas, M; Stiller, GP; Seppala, A
Resumen: 
We use NO, NO2 and CO from MIPAS/ENVISAT to investigate the impact of energetic particle precipitation onto the NOx budget from the stratosphere to the lower mesosphere in the period from October 2003 to March 2004, a time of high solar and geomagnetic activity. We find that in the winter hemisphere the indirect effect of auroral electron precipitation due to downwelling of upper mesospheric/lower thermospheric air into the stratosphere prevails. Its effect exceeds even the direct impact of the very large solar proton event in October/November 2003 by nearly 1 order of magnitude. Correlations of NOx and CO show that the unprecedented high NOx values observed in the Northern Hemisphere lower mesosphere and upper stratosphere in late January and early February are fully consistent with transport from the upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere and subsequent mixing at lower altitudes. In the polar summer Southern Hemisphere, we observed an enhanced variability of NO and NO2 on days with enhanced geomagnetic activity, but this seems to indicate enhanced instrument noise rather than a direct increase due to electron precipitation. A direct effect of electron precipitation onto NOx can not be ruled out, but, if any, it is lower than 3 ppbv in the altitude range 40-56 km and lower than 6 ppbv in the altitude range 56-64 km. An additional significant source of NOx due to local production by precipitating electrons below 70 km exceeding several parts per billion as discussed in previous publications appears unlikely.
Autor principal: 
Sinnhuber, M
Autor/es del IAA: 
Funke, B.; Lopez-Puertas, M.
DOI: 
10.5194/acp-14-7681-2014
Revista: 
ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
Fecha de publicación: 
2014
Volumen: 
14
Issue: 
14
Páginas: 
7681-7692
Tipo de documento: 
Article

AN IONIZED OUTFLOW FROM AB AUR, A HERBIG AE STAR WITH A TRANSITIONAL DISK

Titulo: 
AN IONIZED OUTFLOW FROM AB AUR, A HERBIG AE STAR WITH A TRANSITIONAL DISK
Autores: 
Rodriguez, LF; Zapata, LA; Dzib, SA; Ortiz-Leon, GN; Loinard, L; Macias, E; Anglada, G
Resumen: 
AB Aur is a Herbig Ae star with a transitional disk. Transitional disks present substantial dust clearing in their inner regions, most probably because of the formation of one or more planets, although other explanations are still viable. In transitional objects, accretion is found to be about an order of magnitude smaller than in classical full disks. Since accretion is believed to be correlated with outflow activity, centimeter free-free jets are expected to be present in association with these systems, at weaker levels than in classical protoplanetary (full) systems. We present new observations of the centimeter radio emission associated with the inner regions of AB Aur and conclude that the morphology, orientation, spectral index, and lack of temporal variability of the centimeter source imply the presence of a collimated, ionized outflow. The radio luminosity of this radio jet is, however, about 20 times smaller than that expected for a classical system of similar bolometric luminosity. We conclude that centimeter continuum emission is present in association with stars with transitional disks, but at levels than are becoming detectable only with the upgraded radio arrays. On the other hand, assuming that the jet velocity is 300 km s(-1), we find that the ratio of mass loss rate to accretion rate in AB Aur is similar to 0.1, similar to that found for less evolved systems.
Autor principal: 
Rodriguez, LF
Autor/es del IAA: 
Macias, Enrique; Anglada, Guillem
DOI: 
10.1088/2041-8205/793/1/L21
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/09/20
Volumen: 
793
Issue: 
1
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
ISM: jets and outflows; radio continuum: stars; stars: individual (AB Aur); stars: pre-main sequence
Número de artículo: 
L21

A GEOMETRICALLY SUPPORTED z similar to 10 CANDIDATE MULTIPLY IMAGED BY THE HUBBLE FRONTIER FIELDS CLUSTER A2744

Titulo: 
A GEOMETRICALLY SUPPORTED z similar to 10 CANDIDATE MULTIPLY IMAGED BY THE HUBBLE FRONTIER FIELDS CLUSTER A2744
Autores: 
Zitrin, A; Zheng, W; Broadhurst, T; Moustakas, J; Lam, D; Shu, XW; Huang, XX; Diego, JM; Ford, H; Lim, J; Bauer, FE; Infante, L; Kelson, DD; Molino, A
Resumen: 
The deflection angles of lensed sources increase with their distance behind a given lens. We utilize this geometric effect to corroborate the z(phot) similar or equal to 9.8 photometric redshift estimate of a faint near-IR dropout, triply imaged by the massive galaxy cluster A2744 in deep Hubble Frontier Fields images. The multiple images of this source follow the same symmetry as other nearby sets of multiple images that bracket the critical curves and have well-defined redshifts (up to z(spec) similar or equal to 3.6), but with larger deflection angles, indicating that this source must lie at a higher redshift. Similarly, our different parametric and non-parametric lens models all require this object be at z greater than or similar to 4, with at least 95% confidence, thoroughly excluding the possibility of lower-redshift interlopers. To study the properties of this source, we correct the two brighter images for their magnifications, leading to a star formation rate of similar to 0.3M(circle dot) yr(-1), a stellar mass of similar to 4 x 10(7) M-circle dot, and an age of less than or similar to 220 Myr (95% confidence). The intrinsic apparent magnitude is 29.9 AB (F160W), and the rest-frame UV (similar to 1500 angstrom) absolute magnitude is M-UV,M-AB = -17.6. This corresponds to similar to 0.1L(z=8)(*) (similar to 0.2 L-z=10(*), adopting dM(*)/dz similar to 0.45), making this candidate one of the least luminous galaxies discovered at z similar to 10.
Autor principal: 
Zitrin, A
Autor/es del IAA: 
Molino, Alberto
DOI: 
10.1088/2041-8205/793/1/L12
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/09/20
Volumen: 
793
Issue: 
1
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: clusters: individual (A2744); galaxies: high-redshift; gravitational lensing: strong
Número de artículo: 
L12

Bright fireballs associated with the potentially hazardous asteroid 2007LQ19

Titulo: 
Bright fireballs associated with the potentially hazardous asteroid 2007LQ19
Autores: 
Madiedo, JM; Trigo-Rodriguez, JM; Ortiz, JL; Castro-Tirado, AJ; Cabrera-Cano, J
Resumen: 
We analyse here two very bright fireballs produced by the ablation in the atmosphere of two large meteoroids in 2009 and 2010. These slow-moving and deep-penetrating events were observed over Spain in the framework of our Spanish Fireball Network continuous meteor monitoring campaign. The analysis of the emission spectrum imaged for one of these fireballs has provided the first clues about the chemical nature of the progenitor meteoroids. The orbital parameters of these particles suggest a likely association with the recently identified July rho-Herculid (JRH) meteoroid stream. In addition, considerations about the likely parent body of this stream are also made on the basis of orbital dissimilarity criteria. This orbital analysis reveals that both meteoroids and PHA 2007LQ19 exhibit a similar evolution during a time period of almost 8000 years, which suggests that either this near Earth object (NEO) is the potential parent of these particles or that this NEO and both meteoroids had a common progenitor in the past.
Autor principal: 
Madiedo, JM
Autor/es del IAA: 
Ortiz, Jose L.; Castro-Tirado, Alberto J.
DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stu1261
Revista: 
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/09/11
Volumen: 
443
Issue: 
2
Páginas: 
1643-1650
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
meteorites, meteors, meteoroids; minor planets, asteroids: general; minor planets, asteroids: individual: 2007LQ19

THE OUTBURST OF THE BLAZAR S4 0954+658 IN 2011 MARCH-APRIL

Titulo: 
THE OUTBURST OF THE BLAZAR S4 0954+658 IN 2011 MARCH-APRIL
Autores: 
Morozova, DA; Larionov, VM; Troitsky, IS; Jorstad, SG; Marscher, AP; Gomez, JL; Blinov, DA; Efimova, NV; Hagen-Thorn, VA; Hagen-Thorn, EI; Joshi, M; Konstantinova, TS; Kopatskaya, EN; Larionova, LV; Larionova, EG; Lahteenmaki, A; Tammi, J; Rastorgueva-Foi, E; McHardy, I; Tornikoski, M; Agudo, I; Casadio, C; Molina, SN; Volvach, AE; Volvach, LN
Resumen: 
We present the results of optical (R-band) photometric and polarimetric monitoring and Very Long Baseline Array imaging of the blazar S4 0954+658, along with Fermi gamma-ray data during a multi-waveband outburst in 2011 March-April. After a faint state with a brightness level R similar to 17.6 mag registered in the first half of 2011 January, the optical brightness of the source started to rise and reached similar to 14.8 mag during the middle of March, showing flare-like behavior. The most spectacular case of intranight variability was observed during the night of 2011 March 9, when the blazar brightened by similar to 0.7 mag within 7 hr. During the rise of the flux, the position angle of the optical polarization rotated smoothly over more than 300 degrees. At the same time, within la uncertainty, a new superluminal knot appeared with an apparent speed of 19.0 +/- 0.3c. We have very strong evidence that this knot is associated with the multi-waveband outburst in 2011 March-April. We also analyze the multi-frequency behavior of S4 0954+658 during a number of minor outbursts from 2008 August to 2012 April. We find some evidence of connections between at least two additional superluminal ejecta and near-simultaneous optical flares.
Autor principal: 
Morozova, DA
Autor/es del IAA: 
Gomez, J. L.; Agudo, I.; Casadio, C.; Molina, S. N.
DOI: 
10.1088/0004-6256/148/3/42
Revista: 
ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/09
Volumen: 
148
Issue: 
3
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
BL Lacertae objects: individual (S4 0954+658); galaxies: active; galaxies: jets; polarization
Número de artículo: 
42

DISCOVERY OF A COMPANION CANDIDATE IN THE HD 169142 TRANSITION DISK AND THE POSSIBILITY OF MULTIPLE PLANET FORMATION

Titulo: 
DISCOVERY OF A COMPANION CANDIDATE IN THE HD 169142 TRANSITION DISK AND THE POSSIBILITY OF MULTIPLE PLANET FORMATION
Autores: 
Reggiani, M; Quanz, SP; Meyer, MR; Pueyo, L; Absil, O; Amara, A; Anglada, G; Avenhaus, H; Girard, JH; Gonzalez, CC; Graham, J; Mawet, D; Meru, F; Milli, J; Osorio, M; Wolff, S; Torrelles, JM
Resumen: 
We present L'- and J-band high-contrast observations of HD 169142, obtained with the Very Large Telescope/NACO AGPM vector vortex coronagraph and the Gemini Planet Imager, respectively. A source located at 0 ''.156 +/- 0 ''.032 north of the host star (P.A.= 7 degrees.4 +/- 11 degrees.3) appears in the final reduced L' image. At the distance of the star (similar to 145 pc), this angular separation corresponds to a physical separation of 22.7 +/- 4.7 AU, locating the source within the recently resolved inner cavity of the transition disk. The source has a brightness of L' = 12.2 +/- 0.5 mag, whereas it is not detected in the J band (J > 13.8 mag). If its L' brightness arose solely from the photosphere of a companion and given the J - L' color constraints, it would correspond to a 28-32 M-Jupiter object at the age of the star, according to the COND models. Ongoing accretion activity of the star suggests, however, that gas is left in the inner disk cavity from which the companion could also be accreting. In this case, the object could be lower in mass and its luminosity enhanced by the accretion process and by a circumplanetary disk. A lower-mass object is more consistent with the observed cavity width. Finally, the observations enable us to place an upper limit on the L'-band flux of a second companion candidate orbiting in the disk annular gap at similar to 50 AU, as suggested by millimeter observations. If the second companion is also confirmed, HD 169142 might be forming a planetary system, with at least two companions opening gaps and possibly interacting with each other.
Autor principal: 
Reggiani, M
Autor/es del IAA: 
Anglada, Guillem; Osorio, Mayra
DOI: 
10.1088/2041-8205/792/1/L23
Revista: 
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
Fecha de publicación: 
2014/09/01
Volumen: 
792
Issue: 
1
Tipo de documento: 
Article
Palabras clave: 
brown dwarfs; planet-disk interactions; planets and satellites: formation; protoplanetary disks; stars: individual (HD 169142); stars: low-mass
Número de artículo: 
L23

Publicaciones IAA-CSIC

Histórico de publicaciones

IAA-CSIC Publications

IAA-CSIC Publications Full Archive